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Mental Health Disorder – seek help before it heads you

posted on 10/19/2018 Facebook Facebook

Mental health is important as physical for mind is the one that power you to work. Mental health is a major concern worldwide and with 60% incidence among Indian population.  Mental health illness is on significant rise in last few years, 40% of affected individuals are from age group between 16 to 29 years. There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Some of the more common disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, dementia, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. Symptoms may include changes in mood, personality, personal habits and/or social withdrawal. Experts say that the scenario was different 10 years ago when only schizophrenia and bipolar disorder were seen as mental health illness.

Watch out for symptoms

While stress isn''t a mental health problem in itself, often triggers episode to depression, anxiety, self-harm and suicide. Mental health illness is caused by environmental stress, genetic factors, biochemical imbalances and /or combination of these. Environmental factors are performance pressure, connectivity to virtual network at any time of day or night, no social interaction, academic pressure, relationship issues and phobia. One needs to be watchful on signs of illness; most common are insomnia, change in sleep patterns, loss of appetite or binge eating, reduced interaction and loss of interest. Some individuals may show severe symptoms like temper tantrums, substance use, intense fear, inability to cope up with daily activities and confusion. Parents / partners can easily spot it and report them to psychologist or counsellor.

Genetic of mental illness

Unlike single gene disease of sickle cell anemia and Huntington disease, neuropsychiatric disorders are complex that involves multiple genes; therefore the degree of disease in individual is outcome of gene interaction. Finding susceptibility genes amid multiple environmental factors is a challenging task but not formidable. Despite strong evidence for genetic susceptibility, no specific gene has been unambiguously identified for common forms of mental disorders. Understanding genetic influences on mental disorders and other complex diseases is further complicated by the fact that a given susceptibility gene may or may not result in the disorder. As an added complication, various combinations of genes may all lead to the same disorder.

How Genetic Counselling helps?

Advances in treatment will depend on understanding the ways in which these genes actually influence behavior and brain function. Genetic counselor can help in quantitative risk assessment for your illness based on advance technology. Genetics of disease can empower you with underlying biology of disorder. New generation of treatments can be foreseen that will counteract the problems resulting from the susceptibility genes. Lifestyle changes, regular talk session, exercise and activities are suggested by counselors to manage illness. Based family history and risk factors for neuropsychiatric disorder a genetic test can be recommended by counselor suggestive of any particular syndrome. Various studies have proved that genetic counselling session have shown favorable outcome for individuals and family members with improved psychological progress.

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