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Ovarian cancer – early diagnosis is a key to survival

posted on 9/18/2018 Facebook Facebook

Ovarian cancer is the third most cancer diagnosed in Indian continent, trailing behind cervix and breast cancer. The Age Specific Incidence Rate for ovarian cancer revealed that the disease increases from 35 years of age and reaches a peak between the ages 55-64. The trend analysis shows an increase in the incidence rate of ovarian cancer was higher for women in the middle and older age groups.  Also, for all types of ovarian cancer, the 5-year relative survival is 47%. Women diagnosed when they are younger than 65 do better than older women. If ovarian cancer is found and treated before the cancer has spread outside the ovary, the 5-year relative survival rate is 92%.

Quest of diagnosis begins with ignorance of early signs like abdominal bloating, indigestion and nausea; followed by appetite issues and change in menstrual cycle. Most of the women deals with such situation with OTC medicine and do not bother to check with medical professional once symptoms subside. Lack of awareness for ovarian cancer is main reason behind it’s under diagnosis, as women still shy away from doctor to discuss their reproductive health issues.

Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat and is frequently fatal. Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely to be treated successfully. Surgery and chemotherapy are generally used to treat ovarian cancer. Also females with family history of BRCA1 are at high of ovarian cancer along with breast and pancreatic cancer.

After diagnosis the counseling session for patient as well as family is very important, they need to be informed about the patient’s life after survival, precautions and reproductive complications in future. Patient should be counseled regularly during the entire treatment to make the post – surgical comeback easier and lead a normal life.

With numbers that signify the early onset as near as 25-30yr the registries have started organizing the camps and awareness program in urban as well as suburban schools and institute for women to understand cancer and seek medical assistance without hesitation.  Self-efforts of increase in reproductive health check-up every year in metro cities have improvised  diagnosis situation. Hope the efforts helps all women get better and early diagnosis.

By: Ruchi Bhajeewala, Genetic Counselor, Positive Bioscience

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this blog are representative of the author and may not express the views of Positive Bioscience. This blog is intended for education and information for the general public. Before making any medical decisions a medical professional must be consulted. All rights reserved. Image adapted from internet.

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